CUSCO TOURIST INFORMATION
Cusco, the sacred city of the Incas, was the capital city of the great Tawantinsuyo or Incan Empire. It was the center of government of the four Suyos, which were the political regions of Tawantinsuyo.
On March 23th, 1534, Francisco Pizarro founded the Spanish city of Cusco upon the architectural infrastructure of an Incan "llaqta" (city), giving birth to a half-breed city which has nowadays splendid ancient Incan monuments and colonial churches and mansions.
In the time of the Spanish colony in Peru, it was a great indigenous-Hispanic sincretic center as well as the main city of the south of Peru's Viceroyalty, which is why it was given the name of "The Very Noble and Very Loyal Head of Peru's Kingdoms"
Recently, it was declared "South America's Archaeological Capital City" and "Cultural Patrimony oh Humanity".
The department of Cusco, geographic circumscription where Cusco City is placed, is situated in Peru's central and south–eastern part, occupying a big part of the Vilcanota's orographic knot. Its geographical diversity, as well as the abrupt changes of landscapes and ecosystems, is mainly associated with the Andes.
The climate is pleasant, cold and dry. The annual average temperature is 11°C.
The rainy season takes place from November to March and the dry season is from April to October.
Therefore it is recommended to visitors to take overcoats besides rainproof clothes during the rainy season.
In the city: Plaza de armas "Main Square", Cathedral, Compañía de Jesús, Santo Domingo Church & Koricancha (Inca Temple of the Sun), San Blas District, La Merced Church, Inca Museum, Pre-Colombian Art Museum, Santa Catalina Convent and Art Museum.
Out of the city: Sacsayhuaman, Q´enko (Zig Zag), Puca Pucara (Red Fort), Tambomachay (Cavern Lodge), Maras, Moray, Tipón.